Mr. Croy’s Reading Notes:
- Genre: a piece of literature with a certain style, form and content.
- Examples of genre: Science Fiction, Fantasy, Thrillers, Adventure, Romance,
- Fiction: a story about imaginary people and events.
- Non Fiction: a story about real people and events.
- Plot: The chain of events that makes up a story. (The sequence of events in a story. The order in which events happen.)
- (Can you draw a plot diagram? Can you label all of the elements of Plot on your Plot Diagram?)
- Elements of Plot:
- Exposition: introduces the characters and setting.
- Inciting Incident: the problem begins
- Rising Action: more problems
- Climax: most exciting part’ Turning point
- Falling Action: the problems decrease
- Resolution: the problem is solved
- Denouncement: anything that happens after the resolution.
- Setting: The time and place of a story. When and where a story takes place.
- Protagonist: the main character in a story.
- Antagonist: a character or force in conflict with the main character.
- Foreshadowing: hints or clues that suggest what will happen later in a story.
- Flashback: the author interrupts the plot of the story to recreate an event of an earlier time.
- Suspense: the anxiety a reader feels about what will happen next in a story.
- Dialogue: lines spoken by characters in a story.
- Theme: the central idea or truth a story reveals about life. Like the lesson or moral of the story.
- Irony: a contrast between what we expect will happen and what actually happens.
- Symbolism: when a person, place, or thing stands for something beyond itself.
- Mood: the feeling or atmosphere that is created by a work of literature.
- Tone: the attitude a writer takes toward a subject, character, or audience.
- Cliffhanger: an ending to a section, chapter, or book, that leaves the reader in suspense.
- Characters: people, animals, or things that take part in the action of a story. (Examples: protagonist & antagonist)
- Conflict: the problem in a story.
- Internal Conflict: a problem the happens within in a character. (Like a difficult decision.)
- External Conflict: a problem outside of character. (Like a fight, a race, etc. Where two or more are competing.)
- 5 Types of Conflict in Literature:
- Character vs. Character
- Character vs. Self
- Character vs. Society
- Character vs.Nature
- Character vs. Supernatural
- (Maybe: a 6th: Character vs. Technology)
- Character traits: the qualities that make a person or character unique. It could be physical or personality traits.
- Dynamic character: this type of character undergoes a great change from the start to the finish of the novel.
- Static character (also known as flat): this type of character does not change.
- A round character is extremely realistic, behaving and speaking in a “real life” manner.
Types of Figurative Language
- Simile: a comparison using “like” or “as”
Example: Her hair was as soft as silk. Her eyes were like diamonds.
- Metaphor: a direct comparison between two unlike things.
Example: He is a tank on the football team.
- Hyperbole: extreme exaggeration; not to be taken literally.
Example: You’ve already told me that story a million times.
- Personification: giving human characteristics to something that isn’t human.
Example: The wind moaned all night.
- Alliteration: the repetition of the initial consonant sound of words.
Example: Layers of leaves were left lying on the steps to the house.
- Onomatopoeia: words that imitate sounds
Example: Splash! Boom! Bang! Pop!
- Idiom: an expression that cannot be understood from the literal meaning of their words.
Examples: She was happy she was on the last leg of her journey.
We could tell by his expression that he had something up his sleeve.
- allusion: an expression meant to bring some other thing (book, character, movie, song, etc.) to mind without stating it directly.
Example: Everyone called Kate, Loren, and Emma the Three Musketeers.
Mr. Croy’s Mythology Notes
38. Zeus (Jupiter): king of the gods. Lives in Mt. Olympus. Thunderbolt is his weapon.